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  Aurel Stein
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Archaeology of old Kashmir
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“After this I proceeded with considerable apprehension to the ruins of the ancient Parihasapura, the capital built by King Muktapida in the early part of the 8 th century. These extensive ruins near the villages of Devar and Ekmanpor are situated on the Karewa of Paraspor about3 miles south west of Shadipur on the Jehlum.

"Their position far away from the ordinary routes of communication explain why they had remained unnoticed by archaeologists until a visit I pad to the site in 1892.

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Mound at Andrakoth
   

“In a Report read before the RAS of Great Britain in October last I had given a preliminary account of these antiquarian remains which are of great historical and archeological importance. They must be identified without question with a large temple and Viharas which are described in detail in Kalhana’s Sanskrit chronicle as having been erected by King Muktapida and his queen at Parihasapura i.e the modern Paraspor.

"The remains of Paraspor as I found them in 1892 comprised no less than 8 great ruined mounts. The super structure must have been overturned many centuries ago. But their general plan and the size of buildings could be ascertained in each case .


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Linga at Ushker

“In order to give an idea of the dimensions of the latter, I may mention that the northern most of these temples was enclosed in a quadrangle measuring 410 ft. each side and the mass of detached slabs and large architectural fragments belonging to the central frame in 1892 reached a height of nearly 30 ft. above ground. Notwithstanding the ruined slabs of these structures which date backs to early period there were in 1892 numerous sculptured pieces of great interest lying above the ground.

“On revisiting these ruins I met every where with evidence of the most extensive destruction. According to the villagers statement hundreds of workmen had been engaged since 1894 in breaking up the large stones and reducing them to road metal. I found actually at all mounds the clearest evidence of this in the shape of heaps of broken stones which had not yet been removed. Elsewhere the ground was covered with chips and flakes which had been produced in breaking up the stones. Interesting sculptured slabs over ground of which I had kept special notes had disappeared and I may specially mention that the mounds showed everywhere traces of extensive diggings. At one of the southern ruins of that part of the Kareva which is called Bavaudar a large Linga with other sculptures seen by me in 1892 had been destroyed in this ruthless fashion.

“The villagers whom I examined among them the Lambardar Muhammad Bhatt of Devar were uniform in their assertions that breaking of stones had begun in 1894 and continued all through 1895 that the men engaged in this work of destruction were in the employ of the road contractors in particular of one Rahman Rahtor that the broken stones were removed by boat and there-wise to the road which runs a distance of two miles to the south of Kareva and that the workmen had set to work notwithstanding the remonstration of this Lambardar. Whether the last statement is true I am unable to ascertain but I was shown in the Roza-Namah of the village Chowkidar the copy of a report he had addressed on the subject to the Police authorities, (which seems to support this assertion)".

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