Aurel Stein
  The Sanskritist
  Manuscript Treasures
  Kashmiri Scholarship
  Interface of Scholarship
  The Adopted Home
  Unfinished Tasks
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Supported by:
  Heritage Lottery Fund, Cambridge.
  Bodelian Library, Oxford.
  Nityanand Shastri Library Collection, Delhi.
  Kashmir Bhavan Centre, Luton.
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Archaeology of old Kashmir
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Closeup foreground, Martand Temple

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Imposing edifice, Martand

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Grand colonades,
Martand Temple
During his stay at Martand, Stein also visited the cave temple and Ziarat neighbouring Bumazu. States Aurel Stein, “It is now interesting to note that the Muhammedan legend about Bhumazu has preserved a distinct recollection of King Bhima Sahi.
The persian legends obtained from the mohalla of the Ziarat relates how a Hindu prince Buma Sadhu or Buma Shah resided as a mendicant in the cave and after his conversion to Islam taking the name of Bamadin was buried under the Ziarat. The Ziarat undoubtedly however is an ancient temple as proved by its architecture.
It resembles closely the smaller temple at Vangath which now attracts as the tomb of Rishi Rukm-ud-din the visits of the faithful. I am inclined to identify the high walled Visnu temple of Bhima Sahi with Ziarat of Baba Bamadin Sahib alias Bhuma Sahi.”

While still at Martand ,Stein also purchased from one of the priests a fragment of Sanskrit inscription in 9 lines engraved on a slate. Due to shortage of time at his hand he reserved its elucidation to a later date and opportunity. From Martand, Stein continued on September 22, 1891 to Kother.

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Ruined edifice of Martand Temple

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Martand ruins

Here he visited a Vishnu temple and some distance above a spring he was shown a number of ruins at the village Keribal. Here a Mohammaden tomb stone was inscribed with an effaced Sanskrit inscription. “This like a similar inscription in one of the Mohammaden cemeteries of Srinagar is a curious evidence of the continuation of the use of Sanscrit after the Mohammedan conquest,” observed Aurel Stein.

At Kother, Stein visited the famous Tiratha of Kapthesvara spring and temple. He traced the remains of ancient temples near the house of a Sadhu close to the tank of the village mosque. About some distance away from main temple he also saw the ruins of a small temple called Sali Mandir. After the visit to Sangasa on 24 September ,Stein proceeded to Bhring. Here at the village Biddar, he ascertained the stories about the legend of Trisandhya spring. Though no old ruins were discovered here yet Stein confirmed that the Tiratha of “ the three times flowing spring had been owned in Kashmir since very long time.”

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